China experienced a period of enduring impoverishment and long-standing debility in its modern history and was for a time at the mercy of other countries. Lagging behind leaves one vulnerable to attacks, which is the never-forgotten lesson the Chinese people have learnt from their tragic experience of repeated foreign invasions. A country has to strengthen itself before it can be sure of its place in the world. For over a hundred years, the Chinese people have made unremitting efforts toward the goal of rejuvenating the nation.
中華人民共和國成立后，中國人民自力更生、改革開放、與時俱進，在社會主義建設中 取得了舉世矚目的偉大成就。當前，中國人民堅定不移地抓住發展這個第一要務，正滿懷信 心地為全面建設小康社會、實現現代化而團結奮斗。
Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the Chinese people, through self- reliance, have carried out the national program of reform and opening up and, by keeping pace with the times, have made great achievements in building socialism that have caught the attention of the world. At present, the Chinese people stay focused on the primary task of development, working together with full confidence to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects and striving to achieve modernization.